Just like all other organisms, coffee also has its own taxonomy. In fact, there are around 100 species of coffee in the world and out of the 100 coffee species; perhaps the two most popular species of coffee are Arabica and Robusta coffee. Many people consider Arabica coffee to be a much more superior choice and this is perhaps one of the main reasons why some retailers advertise it in this fashion.
What are the environmental factors that support the growth of Arabica coffee?
Arabica coffee requires much higher elevations for their growth. Typical arabica beans are grown somewhere between 800 meters to 2200 meters above sea level. This high elevation ensures that the arabica coffee means are premium because this ‘premium’ aspect greatly adds to their complex flavor as well as to their much greater acidity levels. Considering how important the ‘elevation’ bit is, some roasters have begun placing the elevation data on the coffee bags. This means the higher the elevations, the slower the growth that can impact production and increase cost ultimately.
People who plant arabica trees are actually the ones who take the big risks. All of this puts a lot of added pressure and costs on the business and the result is much higher prices of green beans.
What are the caffeine and cholorogenic acids present in arabica coffee?
It is common knowledge that robusta coffee beans actually tend to contain twice as much caffeine and cholorogenic acids than arabica. All of these factors tend to affect the taste of coffee in more ways than one. One important thing to note here is that arabica coffee tends to have very low levels of caffeine and this makes them quite prone to insect damage and this means that they need much more care as well as maintenance. All of these factors result in very high prices of arabica coffee beans which the arabica coffee importer has to pay at the end of the day.
A little information about the lipids and sugars present in arabica coffee beans
It is quite common knowledge that arabica coffee beans contain around 60% more lips and nearly twice the amount of sugar. All of these things play quite a bit of role in not just determining the flavor of the coffee but also the aroma as well as the body of the coffee. Arabica beans tend to taste much better because the rise in sugar levels actually gives the coffee a much better taste and causes an overall decrease in bitterness.
What do arabica and robusta coffee beans look like?
Arabica beans are a little larger and much more oval-shaped and on the other hand robusta beans happen to be much smaller and a lot rounder. While it is very true that the shapes of these coffee beans really have no bearing on the eventual taste, knowing how they look like can really help someone in differentiating between the two when someone imports new beans from a farmer.
The Bottom Line
There you have it, which was everything you needed to know about arabica coffee beans. Arabica coffee beans happen to be the best type of coffee beans out of all the varieties of coffee beans out there and this can be said without the slightest shadow of a doubt. The arabica coffee beans are top-class in every way imaginable and this is why people pay top-dollar for arabica coffee beans. If you happen to be an arabica coffee importers then you really have the option of sourcing arabica coffee beans from anywhere you want. You can be assured of getting top-class arabica coffee beans at really affordable prices if you know how to source them right as an arabica coffee importer.