It is believed that since the beginning of civilization, hatha yoga has been practiced. The science of Hatha Yoga originated thousands of years ago, long before the first religions or faiths were born. Nath Yogis of the Hatha Yoga tradition include MatsyendraNath, GorakhNath, GaurangiNath, SwatmaramSuri, Gheranda, Srinivas Bhatt are some of the greats who popularized the practice of Hatha Yoga during 500 BC – 800 AD.
- Yoga of GorakshaShatkam,
- Yoga of Hatha
- Yoga Pradipika,
- Yoga of Gheranda
Were the main roots of Hatha Yoga.
Hatha yoga is a preparation process so that the body can tolerate higher levels of energy. The process starts with the body, and then comes the breath, the mind, and the innermost.
In other words, hatha yoga is a general term for any yoga that teaches physical postures. “Hatha yoga” classes usually provide a gentle introduction to basic yoga postures.
The Science of Hatha Yoga
Hatha Yoga is a combination of two words. In this, the word ‘Ha’ is associated with the Sun. At the same time, the term ‘Th’ has been associated with the moon. In this type, yoga performed to balance the power of Chandra (symbol of coolness) and Surya (symbol of energy) present in the body is called Hatha Yoga.
However, this is different from the ancient definition. Hatha in Sanskrit means pressure, forceful. That’s why hatha yoga means such a yoga posture in which physical force is applied to physical stress, or yoga is the ability of the body to bear it by giving it pain. Under this, it is believed that increasing the stamina of the body through some special exercises helps increase the Atma Shakti (immunity).
Hatha Yoga Guide
Hatha Yoga has an important place in various aspects of yoga. It is said that the relationship between Hatha Yoga and TantraVidya is closer; that is, the origin of Hatha Yoga is believed to be from TantraVidya. It has been said that Lord Shiva is the creator of both these disciplines. Today, the meaning of Hatha Yoga is known in the importance of yoga to be done by force, i.e., opposite to the body’s power, but it is not proper. The meaning of the word Hatha is taken symbolically in the scriptures.
Principles of Hatha Yoga
To achieve this union in Hatha Yoga is the six-limb yoga (Ashtanga yoga). They are:
- Asana – steady, comfortable state of body and mind
- Pranayama – expansion of capacity to retain prana
- Pratyahara – withdrawal from the sensory input
- Dharana – bringing the sense to one single point
- Dhyana – observing the self
- Samadhi – becoming free from Maya
In Hatha Pradipika, mainly six parts have been described, which are as follows-
Maharishi Gherand has also described the means of hatha yoga in his yoga treatise GherandSamhita.
After an extensive exploration of the human system, the yogic system recognized 84 asanas as yogasanas. With the help of these 84 postures, you can transform your body and mind into a greater possibility of your ultimate well-being.
Hatha Yoga Benefits
Hatha yoga has more benefits than other yoga asanas. Since it is a combination of many types of asanas, a person feels very quick and practical uses by practicing it. However, it is essential to practice Hatha Yoga regularly to reap these benefits.
- Reduces Stress
According to research, cortisol hormone levels decrease in those who practice hatha yoga, which calms and regulates the mood. Its regular practice also lowers your blood pressure. Also, due to low cortisol levels, your stress automatically starts coming down to a lower level.
- Relieve Back Pain
Many types of research have found that practicing hatha yoga can get rid of back and back pain. Some of the primary poses of hatha yoga act as medicine to relieve back pain and provide relief from back pain. Apart from this, the pain of the spinal cord is also removed by doing hatha yoga.
- Strengthen Flexibility
Research shows that women who practice 90-minute hatha yoga sessions a week find an increase in range of motion in the spine and hamstrings.
- Heal the nervous system.
Along with mental and physical health, the benefits of hatha yoga also include healing the nervous system. For example, its practice improves blood circulation, reducing the tension of nerves.
Best Hatha Yoga Poses
Among the 84 traditional hatha yoga postures, the most popular poses are-
- Vrkshasana – Tree Pose
- Natrajasana – Dancer’s Pose
- Matsyasana – Fish Pose
- Bhujangasana – Cobra Pose
- Halasana- Plough Pose
- Paschimotthanasna – Seated Forward Bend
- Sarvangasana – Shoulderstand
- Mayurasana – Peacock Pose
- Shirshasna – Headstand
- Gomukhasana – Cow-Face Pose
There are many postures in hatha yoga, which you have to try in turn. So you have to try all the mudras in different ways. If you have any problem doing these exercises, then you should do it under the supervision of a qualified yoga instructor.
Hatha yoga is an excellent choice for all levels of practitioners. Like other yoga postures, hatha yoga also helps remove various disorders of the body, restore lost mental peace, calm the mind, improve flexibility, increase willpower, remove pain, and awaken the mystical powers of the soul.
However, a lot of patience is required while starting the practice of hatha yoga.